SSC CGL Examples of Analogies
Many analogies are so useful that they are part of everyday speech. These are often known as figures of speech or idioms. Each analogy below makes a comparison between two things:
- Finding a good man is like finding a needle in a haystack. As Dusty Springfield knows, finding a small needle in a pile of hay takes a long time, so the task at hand is likely to be hard and tedious.
- That’s as useful as rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic. It looks like you’re doing something helpful but really it will make no difference in the end.
You will find verbal analogies, or word analogies, used in standardized tests and sometimes in job interviews where you must show the relationship between two objects or concepts using logic and reasoning. These analogies are set up in a standard format. For example:
tree : leaf :: flower : petal
This analogy is read aloud as:
Tree is to leaf as flower is to petal.
This analogy highlights the relationship between the whole (a tree and a flower) and its parts (a leaf and a petal). On tests of logic, one portion of the analogy is left blank and students are left to choose an answer that makes sense to complete the comparison.
Similes and Metaphors
Analogies, similes and metaphors are closely related, but they are not the same. Because making comparisons is so useful in both speaking and writing, they are all key literary devices, but an analogy is more of a logical argument than a simple figure of speech. You may have noticed that some common analogies are built around similes but extend the comparison.
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